There are a number of basic industries that drive the economy. These are known as primary or secondary sectors, depending on their importance to the economy. Primary production involves the extraction of raw materials which may be natural resources or crops grown specifically for this purpose. Secondary production is the conversion of those raw materials into products with a wide range of uses. Since supply chains are now global in scale and scope, it’s important to understand where these industry segments begin and end. The table below is an outline of some common basic industries, what they produce and where they operate globally:
Food and Beverage Manufacturing
The food and beverage industry includes a wide variety of businesses. Food and beverage manufacturing includes the production of food, beverages and other types of edible products. This includes the production of beer, wine, baked goods, dairy products, and many more food items. It also includes the manufacture of tobacco products and products made from tobacco, such as cigarettes. The food processing industry turns raw or harvested crops into edible food. This includes the production of oils and fats, dairy products, sugar, salt, and many other types of food. The beverage industry processes raw materials into drinks. Beverage manufacturing includes the production of coffee, tea, beer, wine, and other drink types. The food and beverage industry is a huge consumer of raw materials. The industry uses many agricultural inputs to produce its products, including seeds, grains, and other raw materials. The industry also uses many types of chemicals, such as preservatives and pesticides, as well as other types of materials, such as packaging materials.
Manufacturers produce a wide variety of goods from raw materials, such as metals and natural fibers. Manufacturers also produce many of the materials used in the production of other goods, including plastics, rubber, and synthetic fibers. The production of food and beverages also constitutes manufacturing for purposes of this discussion. Manufacturers use raw materials that are extracted from the natural environment, such as petroleum, natural fibers, and metal ores. Manufacturers also use many types of chemicals, such as fertilizers and insecticides. Manufacturers also use many types of minerals, such as sand and gravel, to produce their products or as inputs in the production of chemicals. The manufacturing industry is a major consumer of electricity and other forms of energy. Therefore, the demand for energy by the manufacturing industry is one of the largest factors affecting the demand for energy in a given country or region. The manufacturing industry also uses many types of materials, such as minerals, metals, and synthetic fibers, to produce its products.
The construction industry produces buildings and other structures. Construction is a very cyclical industry, with high employment when there is a lot of construction activity, and low employment when there is relatively little construction activity. Construction workers are also more likely to be employed part-time than workers in many other industries. Construction workers use a wide variety of materials, both manufactured products, such as building materials and machinery, and natural materials, such as sand, gravel, and stone. The construction industry also uses many types of chemicals, such as insecticides and fertilizers. The demand for construction materials varies widely with the level of construction activity. The level of construction activity depends heavily on the state of the economy. When the economy is growing and people are optimistic about the future, there is usually more construction. In addition, demographic changes affect the level of construction.
Mining is the extraction of minerals from the ground. Some minerals are extracted from the ground as a raw material to be converted into other products. Other minerals are extracted as a finished product. Mining is a very large industry that employs many people in a wide variety of occupations. Of all of the basic industries, the mining industry uses the most energy to produce its products. In addition, the mining industry is usually heavily polluting. The minerals extracted from the ground are used to produce a wide variety of products. The minerals are also used as inputs in the production of many other products. Therefore, the level of mining activity and employment in the mining industry depends on the demand for products that contain minerals.
The telecommunications industry provides services for the transmission of information, such as telephone calls and emails. The industry also provides the means by which such information is transmitted, such as telephone and computer networks. The telecommunications industry is a very large and important industry. The telecommunications industry uses many types of materials in the transmission and delivery of information. However, the telecommunications industry also uses a large amount of energy in the form of electricity. Transmission equipment, such as cables and satellites, also requires large amounts of space for installation.
Transportation and Logistics
The transportation and logistics industry includes all of the activities and organizations involved in transporting people and goods from one place to another. This includes activities such as air and water transportation, land-based transportation such as railways, and the storage and delivery of goods by truck, rail, ship, and air. The transportation and logistics industry uses many types of materials, both manufactured products and natural resources. The industry uses large amounts of fuel for its many vehicles. In addition, the industry uses many types of materials in the construction and maintenance of its equipment, such as metals, rubber, and synthetic fibers.
The basic industries are critical to economic growth and development. The industries produce many of the goods and services that people need on a daily basis. The industries also employ a large percentage of the working population. The basic industries use large amounts of energy, as well as many types of materials in the production of their goods. Changes in demand for products by the basic industries can quickly affect the demand for energy and materials in a given country or region. ^END^ More Reading What Are The Basic Industries?